언어학연구, Vol.25 no.1 (2020)
일본어 ‘미완결발화표현’의 담화기능
"Suspended Clauses" play a major role in smooth communication in Japanese society. The purpose of this paper is to summarizes previous research based on the current state of research on “Suspended Clauses” and incorporates the viewpoint of pragmatics such as politeness for various Utterance-functions. The results of the study are as follows: (1) “Suspended Clauses” are expressions formed by “elimination of the main clause” and “addition of final particles”, but “to achieve a particular pragmatic effect, Subordinate clauses to main clauses for pragmaticization” (2) “Suspended Clauses” ending in subordinate clauses are clear reaction opportunity fields, which have the function of adding the obligation to react to the listener with a minimum reaction. (3) “Suspended Clauses” are flexible for both listeners and speakers. In other words, it has a function to respond flexibly so that the speaker does not infringe the face while predicting the subsequent conversation. (4) After dividing politeness into 'positive politeness' and 'negative politeness', we analyzed “Suspended Clauses” as a strategy.